George William Taylor was born November 22nd 1808 at his family home “Solitude” in High Bridge, New Jersey, the son of Archibald Stewart and Nancy Ann (Bray) Taylor. He graduated from Partridge's American Literary, Scientific and Military Academy in Middletown, Connecticut. After graduation Taylor went to work at his father’s company Taylor Iron & Steel Company. In 1827 He joined the United States Navy, serving until 1831, when he went back into family business. When the Mexican American War started Taylor served under General Zachary Taylor in the 10th US Infantry. Following his service in the Mexican American War, he spent a time looking for gold in California, before returning to New Jersey and the iron company.
When the Civil War started Taylor help recruit what would become the 3rd New Jersey Infantry. He would be their Colonel. The 3rd would become a part the famed “First New Jersey Brigade” and Taylor and the 3rd would see action at First Bull Run and many battles during the Peninsula Campaign. Taylor was promoted May 9th 1862 to Brigadier General and given command of the 1st New Jersey Brigade. On August 27th 1862 while Taylor’s Brigade was deployed at Manassas Junction near Bull Run Bridge, he was wounded in leg by an artillery shell.
Taylor died August 31st 1862 in the Washington, DC area. His body was sent by train to Clinton, New Jersey. He is buried in the Riverside Cemetery in Clinton, New Jersey.