Saturday, August 30, 2014

A South Carolinian

Confederate Colonel John Hugh Means, the 64th Governor of South Carolina was killed in action August 30th 1862 at the Second Battle of Manassas.

John Hugh Means was born August 18th 1812 in the Fairfield District of South Carolina. He attended the Mount Zion College in Winnsboro, before graduating from South Carolina College in 1832. He was a part of the planter class, and an outspoken supporter of State’s Rights. Means was elected the Governor of South Carolina in 1850, and he presided over the state convention of 1852, which passed the resolution stating that South Carolina had a right to secede. He used his time in office to increase the funding of the state militia.

In 1860 Means signed the Ordinance of Secession. He enrolled in the Confederate Army as the Colonel of the 17th South Carolina Infantry.  They saw action during the Peninsula Campaign. The 17th was part of Confederate General James Longstreet’s Corps, and was part of the right flank at the Second Battle of Manassas. Means was killed in action on August 30th 1862 [I have found his death listed at August 29th, 30th, 31st, and September 1st]

Friday, August 29, 2014

The Final Escort

The 9th Pennsylvania Cavalry was organized August 29th 1861 at Camp Cameron, near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

The 9th Pennsylvania Cavalry was made up of twelve companies recruited mostly from southeast and southcentral Pennsylvania. The regiment was organized near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania at Camp Cameron on August 29th 1861. After being trained the regiment was moved to Kentucky, where it became part of the Department of the Cumberland. In March they were ordered to Tennessee, where they tangled with Confederate John Hunt Morgan. They were reassigned to the Union Army of the Ohio, where they saw a small amount of action at the Battle of Perryville in October 1862. During the Battle of Chickamauga in 1863 they guarded the right flank of the Union army, and following the rout there, the 9th stayed and fought with Union General George Thomas.

In April 1864 the 9th’s enlistment was up. The men who re-enlisted took a furlough to go home and recruit. They would reform and see action that fall in Kentucky and Tennessee. When Union General William T Sherman began his march, the 9th was included, seeing action in the Battle of Griswoldville. On April 17th 1865 the 9th was part of the escort for Union General Sherman when he went to meet Confederate General Joseph E Johnston at the Bennett Farm to discuss surrender. Following the ending of the war the 9th was mustered out at Lexington, Kentucky.