Friday, August 27, 2010
Latimer saw his first action during the Shenandoah Valley Campaign of 1862. He distinguished himself in the Battles of First Winchester and Cedar Mountain. He was placed in command of the battalion of AR Courtney, and was promoted to Major in March 1863, serving in Major Richard Snowden Andrew’s Battalion a part of Major General Edward “Allegheny” Johnson’s Division. Andrews was wounded at the Battle of Stephenson’s Depot and Latimer took over command of the Battalion for the Gettysburg Campaign.
On July 2nd 1863 during the Battle of Gettysburg, Latimer was commanding the artillery on Benner’s Hill. The Confederate guns were supporting an attack on Culp’s Hill and Cemetery Hill. His position was exposed to Union guns and the unit found themselves under heavy fire. Latimer began to have the guns removed from the hill and while directing fire from the remaining four guns, a shell exploded killing his horse and wounding his right arm. He was taken to the Daniel Lady Farm where his arm was amputated. He was moved from there to Winchester, and then to the home of ETH Warren in Harrisonburg, Virginia, as the Confederates retreated from Gettysburg. Latimer developed gangrene and died August 1st 1863. He is buried in the Woodbine Cemetery in Harrisonburg.
Thursday, August 26, 2010
With the beginning of the Civil War in 1861 Paine became a Captain in the 22nd Massachusetts Infantry. The next year in October 1862 he was commissioned a Colonel in the African American 2nd Louisiana Volunteers. Paine resigned his commission March 4th 1864 and went back to Massachusetts. In July 1864 Paine re-entered the service as a Brigadier General, and he led a division of black troops at New Market Height, and during both expeditions against Fort Fisher, and the Battle of Wilmington.
Following the war he was the district commander of New Berne, and he arranged the return of Robert Gould Shaw’s sword to his family. During his latter years Paine developed an interest in yachting. He owned several yachts which brought home the America’s Cup from British challengers. He died August 12th 1916.
Friday, August 20, 2010
The 20th Maine left Appomattox Virginia after the surrender of General Robert E Lee on May 2nd 1865, and marched to Washington DC. The men were mustered out of service July 16th 1865. The initial enrollment of the 20th Maine was 1,621 men, 150 died in combat, 146 died of disease, and 381 were wounded.
Thursday, August 19, 2010
When the Civil War started Burbridge raised a Union Regiment, and was made a Colonel of the 26th Kentucky Infantry. He raised to the rank of Brigadier General on June 9th 1862, and saw action at Shiloh, Vicksburg and was successful against John Hunt Morgan during the Battle of Cynthiana. Burbridge took over the problem in June 1864 of Kentucky’s growing Confederate guerrillas from General Jeremiah T Boyle. On July 16th 1864 Burbridge issued his Order Number 59, "Whenever an unarmed Union citizen is murdered, four guerrillas will be selected from the prison and publicly shot to death at the most convenient place near the scene of the outrages." In October 1864 he led African American Union troops at the Battle of Saltville, the wounded were left behind and killed by Confederate soldiers. After trying to take control of the military from Kentucky Governor Thomas E Bramlette in February 1865, he was dismissed and resigned from the army.
Burbridge found himself and his family shut out socially after the war, and they moved to Brooklyn New York. He died there December 2nd 1894. He is buried at Arlington National Cemetery.
Wednesday, August 18, 2010
After four days of fighting, the Union Army had extended its siege line, cutting off the primary rail line between Petersburg and Wilmington NC. This caused the Confederates to have to have to haul supplies 30 miles by wagon from the Stony Creek Station.
Tuesday, August 17, 2010
Four young Dakota hunters on August 17th 1862 stopped at the store of Acton, Meeker County Minnesota Postmaster Robinson Jones. Jones went with them to a neighbor’s Howard Baker, where without warning the Indians shot and killed the two men along with three other settlers in the area. This began the Dakota War of 1862.