The Battle of Grimball’s Causeway [Battle of James Island] was fought February 10th 1865, and was the last fight for Charleston.
Union troops commanded by Brigadier General Alexander Schimmelfennig made an expedition on February 10th 1865 to James Island. Facing them was a small force made up of the 2nd South Carolina Heavy Artillery, commanded by Major Edward Manigault holding the southern side of the island in rifle pits at Grimball’s Causeway.
On the morning of February 10th Union gunboats began shelling the Confederates while Schimmelfennig had his troops off loaded. The 144th New York Infantry led the attack on the center of the Confederate line, as the 54th New York Infantry charged Manigault’s right flank. The Confederates began to give ground, Manigualt was wounded and taken prisoner; he would have to have his leg amputated.
The Union troops took the rifle pits, but would withdraw. The Confederates would evacuate Charleston, South Carolina and Schimmelfennig accepted the city’s surrender on February 18th 1865.