Friday, May 31, 2013

They Lost Over Half Their Strength

The 19th Maine Infantry was discharged from Union service May 31st 1865, after serving for three years.

The 19th Maine Infantry was raised in Bath, Maine, and was mustered into Union service August 25th 1862.  Most of the men came from the counties of Kennebec, Knox and Waldo.  The 19th was in the Battles of Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Bristoe Station, Gettysburg, Spotsylvania, Cold Harbor, Boydton Plank Road, and many others.  These men fought on July 2nd 1863 at Gettysburg loosing 53% of the regimental strength, when they were moved forward to the Codori Farm to cover the retreat of Sickles' Third Corps.  Their commander there was Colonel Francis E Heath from Waterville, Maine; he was wounded on July 3rd 1863 during Pickett’s Charge just south of the Copse of Trees.  On June 18th 1864 the remaining 277 men of the 4th Maine were merged into the 19th.

The remaining members of the 19th were mustered out of the Union Army on May 31st 1865 at Bailey’s Cross Roads.  Of the 1,441 who were members of the 19th Maine, 192 were killed in actions or died from wounds received, 501 were wounded.  184 men died from diseases and 47 died while being held in Confederate Prisoner of War camps.

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