Cullen Andrews Battle was born June 1st 1829 in Powelton, Hancock, Georgia the son of Doctor Cullen and June A (Lamon) Battle. He read for the law under the Honorable John Gill Shorter before becoming a lawyer in 1851, and was active in local politics. He was a Lieutenant Colonel in the militia.
At the beginning of the Civil War, Battle was appointed the Major of the 3rd Alabama Infantry on April 28th 1861, he moved up in rank quickly and was their Lieutenant Colonel by July 31st 1861. Following the Battle of Seven Pines, Battle was promoted to Colonel. He was injured just before the Battle of Chancellorsville from a fall of his horse. Battle was back in command by the Battle of Gettysburg. He and the 3rd where part Colonel Edward O’Neal’s Brigade and they saw heavy action on July 1st 1863 on Oak Ridge. Battle moved up following Gettysburg, being promoted to Brigadier General and command of a brigade during the Mine Run Campaign. He continued to serve throughout the 1864 Overland Campaigning season, before a wound at the Battle of Cedar Creek put him out of action for the rest of the war.
With the Civil War over Battle returned to his law practice and became a newspaper editor. He also served as the mayor of New Bern, North Carolina. He was writing book about the 3rd Alabama when he died April 8th 1905 in Greensboro, North Carolina. Battle is buried in the Blandford Cemetery in Petersburg, Virginia.