The Confederate States Department of the Treasury a department that handled the collecting of taxes, issuing of debt, and printing money, and led by the Secretary of the Treasury who was Robert Augustus Toombs. It was created by the Provisional Confederate Congress in 1861. The Department of the Treasury was not explicitly established by the Confederate Constitution.
One of the first acts handled by the Department was to assume the employment of Federal custom officials working in customs houses in Confederate held territory on February 14th 1861. They were also authorized in early February 1861 by the Congress to print Confederate paper treasury notes up to the amount of one million dollars.