Sunday, November 4, 2012

Diseases Took There Toll

The 38th Iowa was mustered in for three years of Union service November 4th 1862, they were known as the Martyr Regiment.

The 38th Iowa Infantry was recruited from Bremmer, Chickasaw, Fayette, Howard and Winneshiek Counties.  They received their initial training at Camp Franklin in Dubuque, Iowa and mustered into Union service on November 4th 1862.  The Regiment moved on January 2nd 1863 to Fort Thompson in New Madrid, Missouri where they performed garrison duty, until June 6th 1863 when the men left for Vicksburg as part of Union Major General Francis Herron’s Division.

The 38th arrived near Vicksburg on June 11th 1863.  Union General Ulysses S Grant moved the Division to the southernmost part of his line to protect against Confederate Cavalry thought to be moving in from Yazoo City, Mississippi.  The 38th crossed the river on June 14th 1863 and went into camp at Warrenton, Mississippi.  The 38th and 34th Iowa Infantry consolidated on December 12th 1864.  During the Battle of Fort Blakely in Alabama on April 9th 1865; one of the last battles of the war, men from the old 38th charged redoubt #4 loosing 1 man killed and 8 men wounded.

The 38th had a total of 1037 men in its service.  Two men were killed, and 315 died from diseases.  The 38th lost more men to sickness than any other Iowa Regiment during the war.

If you’re interested in reading more about this Regiment A Brief History of the 38th Iowa is a good web site.

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