Abraham Lincoln was elected president on November 6th 1860, between then and his inauguration on March 4th 1861 four states had seceded from the Union. Lincoln began traveling to Washington, DC by train on February 11th 1861 with his wife Mary and their three sons. During the next 10 days the train made numerous stops, ending with late night train through Baltimore, Maryland to avoid an assassination plot.
The outgoing President James Buchanan arrived at the Capital just before 1 pm. Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger B Taney administered the presidential oath of office to Abraham Lincoln shortly after one on March 4th 1861.