After burning Chambersburg, Confederate Brigadier General John McCausland was returning to the Shenandoah Valley. He and Bradley Johnson’s Cavalry were surprised at Moorefield West Virginia on August 7th 1864 and routed by Union Cavalry led by Brigadier General William W Averell. The defeat at the Battle of Moorefield had a bad morale effect on the Confederates, and the cavalry pretty much lost any effectiveness through out the 1864 Valley campaign.
Averell’s official report stated they had captured 38 Confederate officers, 377 men, along with killing and wounding about 73. Federals lost about 42 wounded, killed or taken prisoner.