The Union Infantry was equipped with rifles but more often than not fought using tactics formulated for smoothbore muskets. Even when using these outmoded volley tactics the Union Army records show that for each Confederate soldier hit about 1,000 rounds were fired.
Led by “Army and Navy Journal” editor Union Colonel William Conant Church; Civil War veterans organized the National Rifle Association in New York November 17th 1871. Union General Ambrose E Burnside was the first President and General George Wood Wingate was the secretary. Wingate studied marksmanship training programs of European armies while traveling, and he wrote a marksmanship manual. The NRA got the New York state legislature to build a range on Long Island for long range shooting competitions. The New York Herald wrote to support training in military marksmanship and promoted the NRA.
The manual written by Wingate went on become the United States Army’s marksmanship instruction manual. Ulysses S Grant and General Philip H Sheridan were the eight and ninth presidents of the NRA.