Union Major General Frederick Steele the commander of the Army of Arkansas moved on Little Rock, Arkansas on September 10th 1863, setting off the Battle of Bayou Fourche. Steele sent Brigadier General John W Davidson’s cavalry across the Arkansas River about five miles east of Bayou Fourche toward Little Rock Arkansas. Steele meanwhile took his troops, attacking the Confederates under Brigadier General John Sappington Marmaduke, who where entrenched on the north side of the river. Davidson found Confederate troops at Bayou Fourche, and with the help of Union artillery forced them into a fighting retreat back to Little Rock. Steele was able to occupy Little Rock on the night of September 10th 1863.